Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a blow, jolt, or sudden bump to the head or a penetrating head injury that causes loss of function of the brain. There are an estimated 1.7 million brain injuries yearly with an estimated 5.3 million Americans in need of long-term support for everyday activities. TBIs can range from mild (a concussion) to severe (period of unconsciousness or amnesia after an injury). Usually people recover from a concussion in a matter of weeks, but sometimes symptoms can persist.
There are two types of severe TBIs:
- Closed – injury caused by movement of the brain within the skull. Causes include falls, motorcycle accidents, and being struck with an object.
- Penetrating – injury caused by a foreign object entering the skull. Commonly caused by firearm injuries and being struck with a sharp object.
TBIs can have a variety of lasting symptoms and effects, on cognitive function, motor function, sensations, and emotions. TBI-related disability and the consequences of severe TBI can affect all aspects of an individual’s life, including relationships with family and friends and the ability to retain employment, perform household tasks, drive, and/or participate in other daily activities.
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If your loved one is a TBI survivor, let Alliance Services for TBI, Inc., support them and work to enhance their quality of life.